Nine students of Universitas Brawijaya (UB) become delegates in the Singapore Model United Nations (SMUN) 2012. They are Prischa Listiningrum (Faculty of Law), Sherlita Nurosidah (Faculty of Economics and Business), Daniar Supriyadi (Faculty of Law), Abdullah Mujahid (Faculty of Agriculture), Agitya Kresna Adiyan (Faculty of Law), Fauziah Suci Anggraini (Faculty of Law), Datu Bua’napoh (Faculty of Law), Ganjar Prima Anggara (Faculty of Law) and Rifqy Hidayat (Faculty of Law). The event is held by Political Science Society National University of Singapore (NUS) for a week (4-10/7) and attended by 400 participants from various countries in Asia.
They simulate several institutions in United Nations, such as OIC (Organization of the Islamic Cooperation), UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), SPECPOL (The Special Political and Decolonisation Committee), ECOSOC (Economic and Social Council), HRC (The Human Rights Council). There are two issues discussed in each of the institution, such as: UNSC: Crisis in The Korea Peninsula (1950) and Naval Expansion and Maritime Security; ECOSOC: Transitions to Green Economics and The Role of Microcredit in Eradicating Poverty; SPECPOL: Admission of The State of Palestine into The General Assembly and The Economic Colonization of the World; UNDP: Democratic Governance and UNDP Aid and Reviewing the UNDP Millennium Development Goal of Achieving Universal Primary Education; OIC: Islamophobia. For the first time on 2012, SMUN simulate the final meeting of OIC attended by 31 countries, covering 25 member countries and 5 observer countries.
In the event, the participant represent UN member countries, in which UB students become the representatives of Albania, Czechoslovakia Republic, Azerbaijan, Haiti, and Brunei Darussalam. They are debating and holding their argumentation for the interest of the countries represented. “The debate is tough, the lobbies had even started since the opening of the event,” Prischa said to PRASETYA Online.
In the model conference, Prischa represent Albania in OIC. “OIC actually has 57 countries, including Albania and Indonesia,” she said. Raising Islamophobia, Prischa explained various actions against Islam such as religious defamation. She said that the fall of World Trade Centre (WTC) on September 11, 2001 worsen the discrimination against Muslim. The hatred has even manifested into policy and legislation level, such as mosque tower banning in Switzerland and banning of shroud in France Perancis. She said that such events is not only happening in the west, but also in Thailand, such as destruction of mosque that had just happened.
As a solution to the problem, Prischa proposes three things. They are giving aid to Muslims and leave violence, raising economic unity between Muslim and non Muslim countries, such as increasing the role of Islamic Development Bank (IDB). She said that IDB has been having big role in training Muslim in non Islamic countries with underdevelopment, such as by university scholarship.
In the OIC commission, participants are also asked to give solution to a case, Iran crisis of bomb attack. According to the Church and Synagogue, the bombing is performed by mass base to terrorize. Related to the problem, Prischa gives solution to send Fact Finding Commission (FFM). The FFM covers four countries Albania, Indonesia, Turk and Uganda. In the FFM they perform normalization and clarification of the event in Iran. “Islamic country must be united to face this event,” she said.
Two representatives for SPECPOL are Daniar Supriyadi and Ganjar Bima Anggar. They become representatives of Islamic countries of Azerbaijan and Brunei Darusslam. Two themes raised are acceptment of Palestine as UN members and world economic colonization. Ganjar said that Israel and Palestine are both given mandate by England to be free. Thus he said that Palestine and Israel must be equal. But what’s happening is that both are claiming their area and there is a seemingly endless conflict, such as by builing walls and blocking gaza line. To this day, he said that Palestine has not become member of UN, while Israel has. “To become a member of UN, there has to be a negotiation with Israel and it has always become a dead end,” Ganjar said.
In this commission, there are at least three draft of resolutions offered, which are refusing, accepting gradually, and immediately admission. Two main countries on refusing option are United States and Israel. While on the gradually accepting option, this is by putting forth negotiation/diplomacy and the pioneer is Kenya. By Palestine, this effort is often performed by organization such as PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization). Ganjar said that gradual acceptance awaits the fulfilment of national elements such as government, region, and economic. Third option of immediately admission is pioneered by Turkey. This option requires halting the development by Israel and blocking Gaza lines.
In discussing world economic colinzation, Daniar said that economic colonization is an unclear latent movement. Some countries that become the actors are United States, Europe and China and India. “Europe in Middle East and Africa while China and India in Africa and Southeast Asia,” he said. He said that the colonization is conducted through free trade (loosen the trade policy) and mining through non mutual benefit agreement. The form is uncontrolled colonization, in the form of, neo-imperialism (state control from abroad). One of the cases raised is Freeport. To overcome this, Daniar then offer several solutions such as creating non-block movement, renegotiation of contract, and international arbitrary court. Pioneered by Kenya, the resolution made is giving mediator to countries that become the basis of Multi National Corporation (MNC).
The next commission is UNDP, in which Sherlita Nurosidah become the representative of Czechoslovakia and Abdullah madjid represent. The issue discussed in democracy and its relation to international aid, and review of Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) mainly on universal primary education.
According to Sherlita, Czechoslovakia is a country formerly a communist country, and currently a pro democratic one. As a pro democracy country, it will help UNDP in managing the aid given. The aids are scholarships and one laptop per child. Thus, the resolution is not contradictive with Czechoslovakian Republic.
The commission of HRC is participated by Fauziah Suci representing Azebaijan and Datu Bua’napah representing Brunei Darussalam. They raised the theme of “the promotion of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Biseksual dan Trangender) rights. There are two sides with their respective arguments in the commission, they are Islamic countries and secular countries. Islamic countries are Azerbaijan, Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, and Indonesia while secular states are India, Eropa and Amerika. “There are no solution to the resolution of the issue,” she said.
ECOSOC commission participated by Agitya Kresna Adiyan representing Haiti and Rifqy Hidayat representing Czechoslovakia. Two issue discussed are Transition toward Green Economy and the role of micro credit in fighting poverty. Agitya said that Haiti is located in Caribbean Sea, South America. He said that the country is rich on natural resources such as stones and mineral. With SDA as the supporter of economy, the development of green economy become a consideration. Not only Haiti, other south American countries are also supporting the program, such as Brazil, Venezuela and Chili.
On the discussion of micro credit, credit proposition given is in the form of goods. Agitya said that it can be equipment or seeds. This proposition is then included in the resolution draft, the seeds that is expected to help world food.
B participating in the event, they admit that they get a perception of the conference held by UN. Such as the effort of each delegate to pass their countries’ interest. To participate in the event, each participant trained themselves with diplomation skill, language, and communication. [nok/translated by yasmeen]